Miyauna Incarnato

How floral resource composition and sampling method help us to assess bee community diversity in a peri-urban landscape

April 10, 2021   /  

Name: Miyauna Incarnato
Major: Environmental Studies – Conservation
Minor: Chinese
Advisor: Jennifer Ison

Peri-urban landscapes, which are landscapes transitioning from rural to urban or urban to rural, can be important sources of biodiversity, including bee diversity. I investigated how floral resource composition may affect bee community composition in a peri-urban habitats. I studied the effectiveness of net and bowl traps for bee collection, assessed bee richness and abundance in a peri-urban landscape, and examined whether bee diversity was correlated with native and nonnative flower abundance. Three net and bowl collections were done at each of four peri-urban sites between June and August of 2020. I also collected information on the flowering plants surrounding my collection sites. Of the four sites, most recently established site provided the greatest abundance and genus richness of bees. The composition of floral resources in the area did not correlate with bee collection diversity. There was a significant difference between the sampling methods, with the bowl traps collecting a greater richness and abundance of bees. There was no significant difference in sampling diversity among the three bowl trap colors. My results indicate that even in a transitional, fragmented habitat, there is still potential to conserve our bee community diversity. With these results, we can better understand how landscape characteristics such as floral composition may play a role and how to better sample and evaluate bee community diversity in an area.

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Miyauna will be online to field comments on April 16:
2-4pm EDT (PST: 11am-1pm, Africa/Europe: evening)

59 thoughts on “How floral resource composition and sampling method help us to assess bee community diversity in a peri-urban landscape”

  1. MIYAUNAAAAA!!!! YAYYYY!!! Congrats!!! Can you elaborate on what biodiversity means? Love you

    1. RACHEL!!!! Thank you so much! When I discuss biodiversity I mean the diversity of life in and composing of a habitat. I am particularly concerned about plants and bees.

  2. Such fascinating research Miyauna! I especially love how your work is now creating new opportunities for future scientists. You should be so proud of yourself for that. I love seeing bees out and about, but I want to better support them. Are there certain flowers I should be planting to better support local bees? Should I aim to plant more native flowers?

    1. Hello Marcel! Thank you for your question. In terms of yards, it is better to grow native flowers that can flower all throughout the spring, summer, and fall to feed our bees. Allowing your lawn or garden to grow, mowing less, not using pesticides, and leaving some plant debris out in the fall for bees to nest in, can always be very beneficial to these struggling populations.

  3. Hi Miyuana! Congratulations, it’s so exciting to see the results of all your hard work paying off! This was such an interesting presentation, are you planning to continue on with similar research in grad school next year?

    1. Hi Emma! Thank you so much for coming to support. I am hoping to continue a similar project in the fall. Only time will tell!

    1. Thank you Dr.Mariola! We can only hope the garden will continue to be this awesome.

  4. Congratulations, Shulan, for all your great achievements. Thanks a lot for bringing those bees to class and teaching me a lot about biodiversity. Please remember to come back to visit me in the future:-)

    1. 谢谢老师!I have greatly appreciated all of the support and fun times in class over the years. I can not wait to visit and for you to come visit too, no matter where I end up!

  5. Ahh this is awesome Miyauna! You always have such good input in class and I had to stop by to see your project. Congratulations on an amazing job!

  6. This was such a cool study to learn about. I enjoy seeing your bees in the room. Go Huskers!

  7. Awesomely captivating study Miyauna! I loved watching you prosper through tough times while writing your IS, you’re a warrior! Thank you for helping me get over being spooked by bees. Love getting to hear all about your research! What are you hoping to achieve at Nebraska?

    1. Thank you so much Molly! It has been an educational and wholesome time being your roommate! When I head to Nebraska this fall, I hope to become a more well-rounded researcher and get out into the field more!

  8. Congrats Miyauna, such an awesome study! What was your favorite part of doing this project?

    1. Thank you Jena! I think my favorite part was learning how independent I can be when designing and implementing my own study.

  9. Great study and outstanding presentation, Miyauna! You have done amazing work. Please keep in touch!

    1. Thank you Dr.Sirot! It has been a pleasure taking classes and getting to know you over the years. I can not wait to keep you updated!

  10. So incredible! Congratulations on this research! I know you will continue to do excellent work in the future. What was one thing you will take away from this research topic that will change your life?

    1. Thank you so much! I really appreciate it. One thing I will take away from this is fully believing in what you do and following through with your whole heart. I you are wrong or it does not turn out the way you wanted, that is okay, as long as you did it with integrity and with everything you have.

  11. Miyauna this is so fascinating! What kinds of things are impacted in communities with high bee diversity as opposed to communities with low bee diversity?

    1. Thank you Heidi for the great question! In communities with low bee diversity the most common issue in many areas is less pollination of both ornamentals and crops. The loss of this ecosystem service by bees can lead to fewer flowers and lower crop yields. This loss then can have cascading affects like insect and habitat loss, economic loss for farmers and home gardeners, sad gardens and lawns.

  12. Miyauna, this is so great! I love seeing your passion and genuine care for this topic. Thanks for sharing this with the world. Congratulations on a job well done!

    1. Thank you so much Laney! It has genuinely not only been fun, but an honor to share this with everyone.

  13. Great job, Miyauna! Thank you for sharing your research with us. This information helps me with ideas for landscaping that might encourage bee diversity. What are some of the benefits of having high bee diversity?

    1. Hello Rachel! Thank you for your interest in increasing bee diversity! Just a few benefits of having more bees in your yard is increased yield from gardens, larger and more abundant flower blooms, and healthier soil from nesting bees.

  14. Such an amazing project and talk Miyauna! So glad that you started a pollinator garden on campus. It’s so interesting that you found differences between the sites in the bee diversity and numbers but no difference in floral composition. What other factors do you think are playing a role and could explain these differences?

    1. Hello Mia! Thank you for the support and insightful question.
      The lack of difference in floral composition was a very interesting find. As there was no difference in native or nonnative plant composition in my study, it did not affect the bee diversity that I saw. However, many other studies show that planting native plants is better and supports higher bee diversity. it would be interesting to compare the results of my study to similar areas with a more significant difference in floral composition.
      Two of the main factors that I think may be affecting this are surrounding composition and human traffic. There have been previous studies that show that the composition of the land surrounding a resource, such as forest/marsh or even percentage of residential and cropland area, have a significant effect on bee diversity. The amount of human traffic and interest may also change it. The larger and more managed a park is, often the more human traffic and management such as mulching and mowing may occur.

  15. Miyauna, great work on this project and this presentation! Thanks to your hard work we get to enjoy a new fun and functional space on campus. It’s very exciting to hear that the Wooster site contains abundant and diverse bees, as so much effort has gone into making our campus pollinator friendly. I know that this will get even better as time goes on! Congratulations and I’m so excited to hear about all the awesome stuff you accomplish in your career.

    1. Thank you so much Ginny! It has getting to know you and working with you. I am so excited to have this space for everyone to connect more with nature and our work.

  16. Hi Miyauna! Awesome project and presentation! I found it super interesting how much the Wooster and Holden sites differed in both bee abundance and genus richness compared to Secrest and Wooster Memorial. I know you mentioned that all the sites had a fairly similar breakdown of % native vs. nonnative floral resources, but how did the abundance of floral resources compare across the sites? Also, did you have a favorite bee species that you saw during your research? 🙂

    1. Avery!!! Thank you so much for the support! The sites varied both in resource amount and size. I attempted to remedy this by using a similar sampling density at each site. Noting the amount and flowering stage of each resource is also something I wish I could have added to this study.
      I am not sure if I have a favorite, because honestly I feel like I saw some pretty cool bees, but my top three are Hylaeus modestus, Halictus rubicundus, and Melissodes druriellus.

  17. Amazing presentation of course! It’s crazy to me that no honeybees were seen in your study, especially because honeybees do regularly forage on native plants. I’m wondering if honeybees and possibly other non-native bees don’t thrive as much in peri-urban landscapes.
    Again, great presentation and outstanding research!!! Good luck in Nebraska!

    1. Hello Ren! Thank you for the question and the support. I was also astounded by that! If these nonnative bees do not do as well in these peri-urban/fragmented habitats compared to our native bees, that could have very interesting conservation implications. I wonder if maybe the honybees ‘prefer’ a lot of the cropland resources that are nearby and therefore do not forage as much on other resources. Would be a very interesting addition to a future IS!

  18. Amazing presenting! What would you suggest people do if they want to help conserve native bees.

    1. Thank you so much Dr.Ison for your support throughout this entire process! I would suggest starting at home in your own yard. You could do this by growing native, abundant flowers that can flower all throughout the spring, summer, and fall to feed our bees. Allowing your lawn or garden to grow out more than usual, mowing less, not using pesticides, and leaving some plant debris out in the fall for bees to nest in, can always be very beneficial to our native bees.

  19. Miyauna!! Great presentation, you did some very fascinating research. I can’t wait to see the Woo pollinator garden grow!

  20. Way to go, Miyauna! I really enjoyed getting to learn about your work this year.

    1. Thank you so much Dr.Feierabend! Your support last semester will mean more to this and to me than you will ever know!

  21. Amazing presentation and research! Great job Miyauna! I am so proud of you. Love you! I’m very excited to create our very own pollinator garden at home 😊🐝🌸

    1. Love you too mom! Thank you for the support and always looking for bees with me 🙂

  22. Congratulations Miyauna! This was very interesting to learn about. Thanks for being a great ZI and I wish you luck in the future!

  23. This is a wonderful and amazing topic Miyauna! My family and I have numerous apple and Asian pear trees blooming in our backyard currently but we have not seen many bees so far this year. Is there a way that we can attract them?

    Congratulations on I.S. and NEBRASKA!!! You’re doing truly amazing work!

    1. Hello Michelle! Thank you so much for looking out for the bees and your insightful question. My recommendation would be to plant more native flowers in your yard that bloom throughout the season.

  24. Dear Miyauna,

    Congratulations on a wonderful IS project! Your analysis of bees in these special local areas is so interesting, and seems to have a lot of implications for the ways we can support nature continuing to thrive in these changing environments.

    Your work at Wooster has been terrific in every way, and I wish you all the very best as you prepare for graduate school. You are going to make great things happen wherever you go!

    1. Thank you so much for the support President Bolton! I am so grateful to have experienced all of this and hopefully contributed something that will be beneficial for campus for years to come!

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