Jonah Kadens

“That was the anomaly year!”: An Exploration of School Discipline and Disproportionality During the Covid-19 Pandemic

April 3, 2021   /  

Name: Jonah Kadens
Major: The Sociology of Education
Advisors: Dr. Anne Nurse, Dr. Kevin Zayed

School discipline in the US is racialized. Previous research has clearly demonstrated that Black students, especially Black boys are more likely than their white peers to be punished for their behavior in school (US Department of Education, 2005; US Government Accountability Office,2018).Previous research has also found that school resource officers contribute to this racialized discipline(Homer and Fisher, 2019; Weisburst, 2019). Covid-19 has completely changed the American education system causing many schools to switch to virtual schooling. How has this affected discipline?Using a combination of secondary data analysis and interviews, this project helps fill this gap through an exploration of how virtual schooling has impacted school discipline. Through my interviews, I found that schools are using new technologies to monitor student behavior and enforce school rules. I also found out that school codes of conduct have not adapted to address problems specific to virtual schooling. Finally, I found an extreme lack of data on school discipline during virtual schooling. Suspension and expulsion rates in schools are dropping, but students are still being removed from their online classes, even for days at a time. Schools are not coding these removals as suspension which makes it harder for the public to access disciplinary data. I was very excited to have the opportunity to investigate school discipline during virtual schooling and fill a large gap in existing research. I hope that my study will inspire future studies about disciplinary disproportionalities during virtual schooling and how covid-19 has impacted school discipline.


Jonah will be online to field comments on April 16:
10am-noon EDT (Asia: late evening, PST: 6-8am, Africa/Europe: late afternoon)

26 thoughts on ““That was the anomaly year!”: An Exploration of School Discipline and Disproportionality During the Covid-19 Pandemic”

  1. JONAH! What a relevant topic and what insightful findings! Thank you for sharing your passion and findings. Congratulations on a project well done!

    1. Thanks Dr. Fitz Gibbon! While it wasn’t an ethnographic study, the methodology I learned in your class was really helpful when I was conducting my interviews!

  2. Congratulations Jonah! I found it infuriating how even preschoolers are being expelled. I am glad I got to hear more about your IS.

  3. Jonah my goodness this is amazing! Congrats on finishing. It is so intriguing to see the impacts of the pandemic on school discipline. Glad to see you take advantage of the opportunity of this pandemic offered for new research!

  4. Obviously I’m biased, but this is a great project. And I finally got a chance to listen to the presentation in one piece–super clear and compelling! Congrats!

  5. Interesting research and clearly communicated presentation. Thank you for your project.

  6. Thank you for sharing your interesting research. With your unique major, what are your plans after Wooster?

    1. Thanks for taking a look at my work! I am planning on returning to Wooster in the Fall of 2021 to complete my teaching licensure. I am planning on working at Head Start for my student teaching and after getting licensed I plan to teach for a while. From there, who knows!

  7. Congratulations, Jonah. As an education major, it is troubling to see that expulsions have begun in early childhood education. This is excellent work.

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